Tag Archives: Hacking

Top 5 Attack Vectors Report: Defend It Before You Hack It

Filed under Defense
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robot-with-sheild-300x287Each year my team conducts hundreds of Penetration Tests in a wide variety of industries, ranging from Healthcare to Retail, Finance to Manufacturing, and many more. The team analyzed data collected from each of our penetration tests at SecureState since 2011 and found common themes in the methods of compromise utilized to break into organizations and compromise sensitive information. As a result, SecureState has issued a new report that expands on the attack vectors identified and suggests ways organizations can defend themselves against such attack vectors. SecureState’s 2014 Attack Vectors Report revealed the following Top 5 methods of compromise:

  1. Weak Passwords
  2. Web Management Consoles
  3. Missing Patches and System Misconfigurations
  4. Application Vulnerabilities
  5. Social Engineering

The full report is available for download on the SecureState website. I also presented a webinar (watch the replay here) with Defense team lead Robert Miller, expanding on the report’s findings and offering additional advice to organizations on how to defend against these attack vectors. I highly recommend you download this report to see where your organization stands in regards to these attack vectors.

What’s the bottom line?
The current mindset of many organizations is to only react after an attack or breach has already occurred. However, based on our findings and what the current onslaught of recent breaches have shown us, it’s clear that organizations face the same attacks month after month. Rather than be reactive, the defensive mindset needs to change to a proactive one. Consider focusing time, money and resources on your defensive controls before a penetration test occurs.

A penetration test should be your final step to ensure your defense can withstand an attack and to adjust your defenses if necessary. We’ve seen it time and time again where organizations only conduct an annual penetration test and expect that remediating tactical issues from the penetration test will improve their security posture. This needs to stop! Build and test your defensive controls first, then test to see how these controls hold up. Most of these controls are a mix of tactical and strategic, but reactively focused. By taking a proactive stance on defense, your organization will become much more secure and the time, money and resources spent will provide much more value to the business.

Defend it before you hack it.

Cross-posted from the SecureState Blog

Notacon 7 – Things to Do and Talks to Attend

Filed under Cleveland, Hacking
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The con that is Notacon is upon us. Notacon is one of the best con’s I have ever attended!  It’s a great mix of hacking, security, art, technology and everything in between.  It’s also small enough to network with others…oh, and its in Cleveland which means its affordable!  Things get started tonight with a free preview beginning at 7pm! Some of the speakers will be giving previews of their talks so go check it out if you can.

Just like previous years, there are some really cool events you need to attend including Whose Slide is it Anyway, the Friday night experience and Blockparty!  This year the lock picking village is sponsored by Cleveland Locksport and be sure to check out Deviant Ollam’s new challenge the Defiant Box. Security Justice will also have a live show at 11pm Friday night in the Notacon Radio room. As for talks, this years lineup looks great!  Here are my picks of talks to attend this year:

Mick Douglas (from PaulDotCom Security Weekly) – U R Doin it Wrong Info Disclosure over P2P Networks
Tiffany Rad – Hacking Your Car: Reverse Engineering Protocols, Legalities and the Right to Repair Act
Brad Smith – Stealing from God!
Emily Schooley – Independent Filmmaking – Bringing Your Ideas from Paper to the Screen, and Everything in Between
Nicolle “rogueclown” Neulist – Hey, Don’t Call That Guy A Noob: Toward a More Welcoming Hacker Community
int eighty – Malicious PDF Analysis
catfood – Why Your Software Project Sucks (and how to make it not suck)
Dead Addict – Hidden Trust relationships, an exploration
Jeff “ghostnomad” Kirsch – The Haiku of Security: Complexity through Simplicity
David Kennedy (rel1k) – The Social-Engineering Toolkit (SET) – Putting cool back into SE

Adrian Crenshaw (IronGeek) – Anti-forensics
James Arlen, Chris Clymer, Mick Douglas, and Brandon Knight – Social Engineering Security Into Your Business
James Arlen, Leigh Honeywell, Tiffany Rad and Jillian Loslo – Hacking The Future: Weaponizing the Next Generation
Melissa Barron – Hacking 73H 0r3g0n 7r41L for the Apple ][
Tom Eston, Chris Clymer, Matthew Neely, The Confused Greenies – Surviving the Zombie Apocalypse (did you see our preview?)
James Arlen – SCADA and ICS for Security Experts: How to avoid cyberdouchery
Eleanor Saitta – Designing the Future of Sex

Also on Saturday night don’t miss Dual Core at 8pm!  I’ll be around at the con hanging out so if you see me stop and say Hi.  See you there!

Who’s managing information security in your city?

Filed under Network Security
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There was something shocking in my local suburban newspaper today. I opened up to page two and behold…an article that touched on information security! Specifically, the article was about how a small municipal court system in my area had a PC that was infected by an email “virus”. This virus caused a “hard drive to shut down”. Shut down I would assume means the MBR was corrupted or the PC was so bogged down with malware that it had to be rebuilt. Don’t worry, it gets better. The reporter goes on to say that an employee opened an email that had something to do with Nigeria and winning money. Hmmm…Sinowal Trojan perhaps? Regardless, the reporter goes into details from the interview he did with the city “IT manager”. Here are some quotes from the article:

“The court computer system has a small firewall, he said, but the anti-virus on the computer was either non-existent or never upgraded.”

“The IT manager has been trying to bring the city computer systems up to speed. There hasn’t been a system-wide upgrade in years.”

“The employee opened the email because there’s no formal training.”

“One of his goals is to work out a way he can send out software updates, especially anti-virus, to all city computers at night when they aren’t in use.”

I like this one the best…

“The main issue is spending the money for software, licenses and equipment. It’s pretty down-to-earth-basic, he said. “You’ve got to start throwing money around to get it to work.”

Huh? Throw money at the problem…classic. Multiple levels of FAIL right? Oh, if you haven’t figured it out yet…read those quotes again. What would a hacker think about after reading this newspaper article? This court/city computer system is a target rich environment to say the least!

While we could talk all day about how the city could implement a better more cost effective solution to the issues, there are two main problems that I see:

Be careful what you say to the media after an incident
The IT manager gave out way too much information to the media about the problems the city is facing with IT security issues. Just by reading this article someone with bad intentions and a bit of technical skill now knows that the city employs non security aware people and the entire network probably hasn’t been patched in years. This would be even more scary if police and fire computer systems were on the same network! However, the article did point out that police and fire systems are on a separate network. Yet, things don’t look good for the police and fire networks if this same IT manager is running those as well! :-/ Local city government should carefully review all media requests for information about an incident.

Local cities, municipal court systems, fire and police networks are left for dead
This doesn’t surprise me but just like a lot of small businesses, small city governments or suburbs don’t spend the money or have the staff to keep systems patched or up-to-date. Especially in a recession! Your IT guy or contracted support is an easy thing to cut for a city. I would think that most city networks are in worse shape then some home PC networks because of outdated equipment, knowledge and lack of funds. Case in point, I wrote about a potentially dangerous vulnerability that was found on another local city network last year. Luckily this city took the vulnerability seriously, resolved the issue and hopefully improved their security.

Imagine the problems that could happen if police, fire and court systems were breached or compromised. Critical infrastructure like police and fire networks are at serious risk with unsecured systems that are not maintained. As a citizen that lives and works in these cities you should question your local city government about how they maintain and manage their networks. I have an email en route to the mayor of this city that will hopefully help them with some ideas and suggestions to get them back on track. However, I think we may only be scratching the surface of the problem. Lets hope your city takes computer and network security more seriously.